norm associated oil industry

norm associated oil industry

Chemicals Hazards in the Oil and Gas Industry – Code Red ...

Naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) These include uranium, thorium, radium, and radon. In the oil and gas industry, NORM may be present in the liquids and gases from some geological formations. Scale from oil recovery brine, for example, may contain radium at much higher concentrations than the original water source.


NORM Management in the oil and gas industry - ScienceDirect

The benefits of shared knowledge, best practice, and experience across the oil and gas industry are seen as key to the establishment of common guidance. This paper outlines Saudi Aramco’s experience in the development of a NORM management strategy, and its goals of establishing common guidance throughout the oil and gas industry.


OIL FIELD SCALING AND NORM NEW CHALLENGE IN SAFETY …

OIL FIELD SCALING AND NORM NEW CHALLENGE IN SAFETY OF WORKERS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRIES OF LIBYA Fawaris B. Hammouda Ali12 And M. Hweta 1Tajora Nuclear Research Center, P.O.Box 464 Tripoli-Libya 2Veba Oil Operations, P.O.Box 690 Tripoli-Libya Abstract. Many types of scale, in particular CaCO 3, BaSO


NORM-disposal options, costs vary | Oil & Gas Journal

Commercial Norm Disposal [89,131 bytes] Definitions [41,251 bytes] Petroleum producers have various options with different associated costs for disposing of oil field waste containing naturally...


RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS COULD POSE PROBLEMS FOR THE GAS INDUSTRY

RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS COULD POSE PROBLEMS FOR THE GAS INDUSTRY. Peter Gray Consultant Bartlesville, Okla. Louisiana became the first state to regulate naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM).


Assessment of radiation exposures from naturally occurring ...

This paper, which is a further investigation on naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) (Hamlat et al., 1998) describes NORM levels and the associated occupational doses in the oil and gas industry. 2. Materials and methods 2.1. Sampling. The crude oil, production water and scale samples were collected from several oilfields.


Norm In The Petroleum Industry | Petroleum Education ...

Course Overview. This course provides a general understanding of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials NORM in the petroleum industry. Because NORM contamination is so widespread in the petroleum industry, all personnel should be informed of the potential hazards associated with NORM …


API

The American Petroleum Institute (API) is the only national trade association that represents all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry. Our more than 600 corporate members, from the largest major oil company to the smallest of independents, come from all segments of the industry.


Naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) - Canadian ...

NORM is often found in its natural state in rocks or sand. It can also be associated with oil and gas production residue (such as mineral scale in pipes, sludge and contaminated equipment), coal ash (produced from burning coal for energy production) and on filter media (such as the used filters from municipal drinking water treatment equipment).


NORM Management in the Oil & Gas Industry

hazard of NORM in the oil & gas industry became internationally recognized, Saudi Aramco initiated a program to identify the extent, form and level of NORM contamination associated with their operations. Once positive indications that enhanced levels of NORM existed the company was faced


norm associated oil industry - sosenergygroup.it

This article focuses on the occurrence of NORM associated with the oil and gas industry and highlights some of the key issues and solutions. Source and reservoir rocks of oil and gas deposits can contain high concentrations of radioactive elements that are mainly the decay products of uranium and thorium.


Natural Occurring Radioactive Materials NORM in the oil ...

Natural Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in the oil and gas industry Jamal Abdul Rahman Zaidan Petroleum Research& Development Centre ABSTRACT Radioactive materials which occur naturally and expose people to radiation occur widely, and are known by the acronym 'NORM'. Exposure to NORM is often


Corporate Social Responsibility in the Oil and Gas ...

Today's oil and gas companies work within an ever-broader and more complex set of social institutions-norms and expectations that exist alongside market forces, but 2. The oil curse is sometimes also known as the "resource curse." See e.g., Daniel Pipes, The Curse of Oil Wealth, ATLANTIC, July 1982, at 19-25.


TENORM: Oil and Gas Production Wastes | Radiation ...

While these regulations are intended to apply generally to all NORM-containing materials, several parts would apply specifically to oil and gas industry pipe scale. Many states with oil and gas production facilities are currently creating their own NORM regulations. For example, the State of Texas has NORM regulations similar to Part N regulations.


Characterization of the TE-NORM waste associated with oil ...

Characterization of the TE-NORM waste associated with oil and natural gas production in Abu Rudeis, Egypt Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 82(1):7-19 · February ...


NORM Implementation Plan

NORM Types of Concern in the Oil and Gas Industry . There are many different types of radioactive materials found in nature. The oil and gas industry is concerned with the following 4 particular types of NORM, which are the daughter products of Uranium-238 and Thorium-232: • Radium-226 • Radium-228


Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in ...

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in Produced Water and Oil-Field Equipment— An Issue for the Energy Industry A Introduction Naturally occurring radioactive elements such as uranium, radium, and radon are dissolved in very low concentrations during normal reactions between water and rock or soil. Ground water that


NORM waste management in the oil and gas industry: the ...

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) resulting from the232Th and 238U-series can be concentrated and accumulated in tubing and surface equipment in the form of scale and sludge as a consequence of physical and chemical processes associated with the oil and gas industry1,2,3,4. Radioactive wastes containing NORM are production


Radiation - NORM

Naturally occurring radioactive material which is not processed for its radioactive, fertile or fissile properties (NORM) Some processes with a recognised potential to cause significant radiation exposure occur in the oil and gas industry where naturally occurring radium and its daughters, may build up over time as scale in pipes and vessels.


Naturally occurring radioactive material | IAEA

The processes most often associated with processing of NORM with elevated concentrations of radioactive materials include mining and milling of metalliferous and non-metallic ores, production of coal, oil and gas, extraction and purification of water, generation of geothermal energy, and production of industrial minerals, including phosphate, clay and building materials.


Texas RRC - NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material)

Jurisdiction over oil and gas NORM waste is split between the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) and the Railroad Commission. The DSHS regulates the possession, use, transfer, transport, and storage of NORM and the Railroad Commission regulates the activities associated with disposal of oil and gas NORM waste.


NORM / TENORM Capabilities - Perma-Fix Environmental Services

NORM and TENORM Industry Lead ... We designed and implemented a comprehensive study of NORM/TENORM associated with conventional and unconventional oil and gas production activities in Pennsylvania on behalf of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. The resulting study report included data analysis, assessments of potential ...


Safety and Health Information Bulletins | Potential Health ...

The State of Louisiana, Department of Environmental Quality has recently issued a notification concerning a potential health hazard associated with handling pipe used in oil and gas production that may be contaminated with radioactive scale from naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM ...


R­10609 Page 1of 9

(Regulated NORM) associated with the oil and gas industry. Any person disposing of Regulated NORM, as defined at 19 NMAC 15.A.7, is subject to this rule and to the New Mexico Environmental Improvement Board regulations at 20 NMAC 3.1, Subpart 14. [7­1­96] B. Nonretrieved Flowlines and Pipelines


TENORM Waste: A Regulatory and Disposal Guide

TENORM waste must be inhaled or ingested to pose a health risk, and lung cancer is the primary associated hazard. When proper disposal protocols are followed, however, this direct risk to public health is eliminated.When a company disposes of their TENORM waste improperly, the potential risks and complications are serious and widespread.


NORM Contamination in the Petroleum Industry - OnePetro

NORM Contamination in the Petroleum Industry Authors P.R. Gray (Peter Gray ... Contamination of oil and gas facilities with naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) is widespread. ... In many geologic formations, radium, radon, and other radioactive elements are associated with oil and gas. When oil and gas are produced, traces of these ...


Variance in State Protection from Exposure to NORM and ...

The steady increase in the exploration and production of shale gas in recent years has led to concerns about exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) and Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM) in oil and gas waste streams.


Occupational Exposures in the Oil and Gas Extraction ...

The oil and gas extraction industry is rapidly growing due to horizontal drilling and high volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF). This growth has provided new jobs and economic stimulus. The industry occupational fatality rate is 2.5 times higher than the construction industry and 7 times higher than ...


Health Hazards Associated with Oil and Gas Extraction ...

Health Hazards Associated with Oil and Gas Extraction Activities. Oil and gas well drilling and servicing activities involve the use and production of potentially hazardous materials. OSHA, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and industry and safety groups continue to evaluate the type and extent of chemical and ...


UNCOVER THE RISK ASSOCIATED WITH NORM IN OIL & GAS INDUSTRY

Jul 07, 2016· Techniche Engineering Private Limited. Safer World, Better World! UNCOVER THE RISK ASSOCIATED WITH NORM IN OIL & GAS INDUSTRY. Posted on July 7, 2016 by Techniche. Origins: NORMs (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) are present at varying concentrations in the Earth’s crust and consequently also will be present in natural ...


Naturally occurring radioactive material - Wikipedia

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM)and Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM) consist of materials, usually industrial wastes or by-products enriched with radioactive elements found in the environment, such as uranium, thorium and potassium and any of their decay products, such as radium and radon. Natural radioactive elements are present in ...


NORM issues associated with shale gas exploration and ...

•UK oil and gas industry: •214 million m3 produced water per year •Onshore fields contribute 1.4% of oil and 0.3% of gas, but 4.3% of total produced water ... NORM issues associated with shale gas exploration and production ...


NORM Waste Management - evs.anl.gov

Oil and gas production and processing operations sometimes result in accumulation of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) at elevated concentrations in by-product waste streams.