retroreflective sheeting relates

retroreflective sheeting relates

reflective sheeting commercial

XW3100 PET Commercial Grade Reflective Sheeting is an enclosed beaded retroreflective sheeting, which consists of retroreflective glass beads sealed onto a PET substrate. It is suitable for plotter cutting. Please do not use it for screen print, digital print etc. Get Price; Commercial Grade Reflective Sheeting For Silk Screen ...


LMC Letterhead

The retroreflective properties of all sign sheeting materials degrade over time making signs progressively less visible at night. As signs degrade and become less retroreflective, their effectiveness in communicating regulatory, warning, and guidance messages to road users at nighttime diminishes to the point that they cannot be seen or read in time for the driver to react properly.


Lee Pavelka - Patents

The present disclosure generally relates to retroreflective sheeting including a topcoat and to methods of making such sheeting. In some embodiments, the retroreflective sheeting includes (1) a first major surface that is a structured surface having a structure imparted by a plurality of prismatic cube corner elements; (2) a second...


Triangular-pyramidal cube-corner retro-reflective sheeting

More minutely, the present invention relates to a cube-corner retroreflective sheeting constituted of triangular-pyramidal cube-corner retroreflective elements (hereafter referred to as triangular-pyramidal reflective elements or merely, elements) useful for signs including license plates of automobiles and motorcycles, safety materials of ...


Dual orientation retroreflective sheeting - US Patent

Dual orientation retroreflective sheeting Abstract. A cube corner retroreflective sheeting construction comprising alternating zones of cube corner element arrays disposed at approximately ninety degrees orientations to provide exactly two principal plane of improved retroreflective performance in response to light incident on the sheeting at high entrance angles is disclosed.


Final Report Determination of Traffic Control Device ...

Determination of Traffic Control Device Selection for Nighttime Maintenance of Traffic Authors: Deborah S. McAvoy, Ph.D., P.E., PTOE ... relates to a drivers ability to see and comprehend the device or sign, especially during nighttime ... The first generation of retroreflective sheeting was introduced by the 3M™ Corporation in the 1920’s ...


Safety Measurement System - Vehicle Maint. BASIC (U.S. DOT ...

Aug 30, 2019· QUICK SEARCH Enter Carrier Name or U.S. DOT# Use of SMS Data/Information FAST Act of 2015: Readers should not draw conclusions about a carrier's overall safety condition simply based on the data displayed in this system.


EPO - T 0472/07 () of 2.7.2009

Feb 07, 2009· Furthermore, the term "array" relates to a regular or ordered arrangement of its constituting elements, see, for instance, document P7, which, with reference to its Fig. 1, discloses that a section of retroreflective sheeting includes an array of triangular based cube corner prisms, which array, as a result of the ordered arrangement of the ...


US9188715B2 - Retroreflective sheeting including cube ...

The present disclosure is directed to lamina(e) comprising cube corner elements, a tool comprising an assembly of laminae and replicas thereof. The disclosure further relates to retroreflective sheeting.


AN EVALUATION OF RETROREFLECTIVE SIGNING …

AN EVALUATION OF RETROREFLECTIVE SIGNING MATERIALS UNDER THE 3-BEAM HEAD-LAMP SYSTEM H. L. Woltman and W. P. Youngblood, 3M Company ... as it relates to visibility distance, glare in rear view mirrors, and proper aiming re­ ... C Encapsulated-lens reflective sheeting O Encapsulated-lens reflective sheeting


2014 Traffic Sign Retroreflective Sheeting Identification ...

2014 Traffic Sign Retroreflective Sheeting Identification Guide. Download Version PDF [537 KB] This document is intended to help identify sign sheeting materials for rigid signs and their common specification designations. It is not a qualified product list. FHWA does not endorse or approve sign sheeting materials.


sheeting - Translation into French - examples English ...

The invention further relates to the corresponding master, tooling and in particular retroreflective sheeting. L'invention concerne par ailleurs le gabarit, l'outillage, et plus particulièrement, le revêtement rétroréfléchissant correspondants.


Minimum Retroreflectivity Levels for Overhead Guide Signs ...

In 1989, Stein et al., reported nighttime performance of overhead guide signs constructed from button copy and retroreflective sheeting on opaque and retroreflective backgrounds. (9-10) The project was a planned followup to Gordon's literature review and included: Investigation of then-current signing practices throughout the United States.


High visibility safety apparel and nighttime conspicuity ...

High visibility safety apparel and nighttime conspicuity of pedestrians in work zones. ... the strength of the Helmholtz-Kohlrausch effect as it relates to pedestrian conspicuity has varied significantly across studies. ... (high-intensity retroreflective sheeting and steady-burning amber lamps). The work zones were located at the ends of each ...


US Patent Application for RETROREFLECTIVE SHEETING ...

Aug 14, 2014· The present application generally relates to retroreflective articles and methods of making retroreflective articles. The retroreflective articles include a substantially amorphous polymeric layer between the body layer and the discrete truncated cube corner elements. The substantially amorphous polymeric layer absorbs, dissipates, and/or accommodates at least some of the stress forces placed ...


Chapter 1: Introduction - Texas Department of Transportation

The Texas Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (Texas MUTCD) establishes the basic guidelines for the design and placement of freeway guide signing and frontage road signing. However, the Texas MUTCD permits variation in the design and placement of these signs. TxDOT staff have often had to make independent decisions on the best layout and placement of these signs, leading to variations ...


ATSSA > Retroreflectivity > What is Retroreflectivity

retroreflective materials are used to make signs visible far away, markings on road personnel bright and markings on the surface of the road seen far enough ahead to be useful – all using only the very small amount ... to produce a degree of retroreflectivity before the first manufactured glass bead sheeting …


retroreflective sheeting relates - shamwaridayspa.co.za

A retroreflective sheeting for reflecting entrance light toward a light source has been well known so far and the sheeting using its retroreflective characteristic is widely used in the above fields. Particularly, a cubecorner retroreflective sheeting using the retroreflective theory of a cubecorner ...


Retroreflective Sheeting Identification Guide

Retroreflective Sheeting Types Retroreflective sheeting shall he classified as follows: Type 1--A medium-intensity retroreflective sheeting referred to as 'engineering grade" and typically enclosed lens glass-bead sheeting. Typical applications for this material are permanent highway signing, construction zone …


(PDF) Daytime Color Appearance of Retroreflective Traffic ...

Daytime Color Appearance of Retroreflective Traffic Control Sign Materials, Publication No. FHWA-HRT-13-018, April 2013 ... and luminance of retroreflective sign materials were made both in the ...


Prismatic retroreflective sheeting with reduced ...

Dec 13, 2016· The present application relates to retroreflective sheeting that is capable of use in a license plate and that can be accurately read and/or detected by an ALPR system. The retroreflective sheeting is a prismatic retroreflective sheeting that provides reduced retroreflectivity of infra-red light.


Memorandum Archived of Transportation Archived

Retroreflective Sheeting for Traffic Control Signs in Support of Public Interest Findings ... The first critical issue for the State is to identify a quantitative MOE that relates to the hypothesized impact of DG~ sheeting on driver performance, with causal links to safety.


Point and annular sign retroreflectometers for measuring ...

measurement leans directly to specifications for retroreflective sheeting materials and to applications in tender specifications and warranties. The point instrument has the potential for the best accuracy of measurement. The annular instrument, on the other hand, seems somewhat strange by simulating an eye that forms a circle about a headlamp. The


Proposed Specification Changes for Retroreflective ...

Proposed Specification Changes. for Retroreflective Sheeting. ... to the retroreflective sheeting used by VDOT on most highway signs. To skip this section, advance to slide 30 ... This look and the sign’s design are often the most studied aspect of traffic signing as it relates to sign warning distances and the intended maneuvers conveyed ...


3M™ Diamond Grade™ DG³ Reflective Sheeting 4090T White ...

3M™ Diamond Grade™ Translucent DG³Reflective Sheeting Series 4090T is a wide angle prismatic lens translucent reflective sheeting designed for the production of internally illuminated traffic control signs. ... Provides high retroreflective sign brightness at short, medium and long sight distances ... Comprehension directly relates to ...


RETRO REFLECTIVE SHEETING by Stimsonite Corporation – AU ...

The present invention relates generally to methods and apparatus for producing retroreflective sheeting constructions and, more particularly, to methods and apparatus for producing a flexible laminate sheeting construction including an So? u upper thermoplastic sheet, the reverse of which 'is provided with a repeating, retroreflecting pattern ...


Retroreflective Sign Face Sheetings REMA Information Bulletin

This bulletin relates to usage on signs – in particular, road traffic signs. Since their first use in the UK in the 1940’s, retroreflective traffic signs, incorporating retroreflective sign face sheeting, have become an essential traffic safety measure. Retroreflective traffic signs …


United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

retroreflective sheeting, the parties were engaged in a series of litigations relating to structured adhesive prod-ucts and closure tape tab laminates in the United States and Europe. Id. at 4–5. Those litigations settled by 2008. Id. In the course of settling those cases, 3M and Avery engaged in confiden-tial settlement discussions. Id. at 7.


WO2017151202A2 - Prismatic retroreflective sheeting ...

A prismatic retroreflective sheeting includes a structured layer that includes a plurality of cube corner elements including a reduced tungsten oxide, a radiation-treated region, and a non-radiation-treated region. The prismatic retroreflective sheeting includes also includes an information-containing layer above the structured layer. The information-containing layer includes at least one ...


Retroreflective sheeting having an abrasion resistant ...

Retroreflective sheeting having an abrasion resistant ceramer coating Abstract. Retroreflective sheeting having an abrasion-resistant ceramer coating that is prepared from about 20% to about 80% ethylenically unsaturated monomers; about 10% to about 50% of acrylate functionalized colloidal silica; and about 5% to about 40% N,N-disubstituted acrylamide or N-substituted-N-vinyl-amide monomer ...


Retroreflective sheeting - Wikipedia

Retroreflective sheeting is flexible retroreflective material primarily used to increase the nighttime conspicuity of traffic signs, high-visibility clothing, and other items so they are safely and effectively visible in the light of an approaching driver's headlamps.They are also used as a material to increase the scanning range of barcodes in factory settings.


3-corner Retroreflective (i.e., Cube Corner, Trihedral, Or ...

Abstract: The present application relates generally to retroreflective sheeting and the tools and methods used to make retroreflective sheeting. Microreplication tools and sheeting include controlled surface structure or haze. The surface structure or haze can be introduced, for example, by chemical etching of the tool surface and/or ...


Horizontal Markings – REMA Information Bulletin

REMA Information Bulletin. Introduction: Retroreflective sheeting is used in many ways to enhance visibility and legibility although the main uses fall into two areas, signing and vehicle markings (including vehicle number plates). This bulletin relates to usage on signs – in particular, road traffic signs.